- They are two utterances long,
- The utterances are produced successively produced by different speakers;
- The utterances are ordered- the first must belong to the class of first ‘pair parts’, the second to the class of ‘second pair parts’;
- The utterances are related, not any second pair can follow any first pair part, but only an appropriate one;
- The first pair part often selects next action- it thus sets up’ transition relevance’ and expectation which the next speaker fulfils; in other words, the first part of a pair predicts the occurrence of the second: given a question, regularly enough an answer will follow.
- There is a class of first pair parts which include questions, greetings, challenges, acknowledgements, requests, offers, complaints, invitations, announcements etc; for some first pair parts the second pair part is reciprocal (greeting-greeting), for some only there is only one appropriate second (question-answer), for some more than one (complain-apology/justification).
- request → acceptance/rejection
- question → answer
- complaint → excuse/remedy
- degreeting → degreeting
B: "Well I'd like to but it's Hannah's birthday" [marked rejection]
B: "Well ..."
- One, two, three, (pause), four, five, six, (pa seven, eight, nine, ten.
- Eleven?- eight, nine, ten.
- Eleven, eight, nine, ten.
- Seven, eight, nine, ten.
- That's better.